PRIMER 2012-8 NATURAL DISASTERS AND THE HOMELESS

GLOBAL NATURAL DISASTERS EXACERBATE THE GLOBAL HOMELESSNESS PROBLEM

February  2012

 

NATURAL DISASTERS EXACERBATE HOMELESSNESS

A natural disaster can cause an abrupt change in the local state of homelessness that  can linger for years to decades to generations

 

THE HOMELESS: A NOT-SO- INVISIBLE GLOBAL PROBLEM

  • At present, exacerbated by poverty, war, terrorism, and natural disasters, an estimated 100 million people (1.4 %  of the “world community” ) are homeless.

 

THE HOMELESS: A NOT-SO- INVISIBLE PROBLEM IN INDIA

  • An estimated 2 million are homeless in India, some of whom are 5th and 5th generation.

 

THE HOMELESS: A NOT-SO- INVISIBLE PROBLEM IN THE USA

  • An estimated 560,000 people  are homeless in the USA.

 

A HOMELESS PERSON IS MORE LIKELY . . .

 

  • To die in their 40’s,---2-3 decades earlier than other
  • To be psychotic
  • To be homocidal
  • To be addicted to drugs and/or alcohol
  • To be diabetic

 

 

 

HURRICANES, TYPHOONS AND CYCLONES

NEW ORLEANS, LA: AFTER 2005’S HURRICANE KATRINA

 

THE HOMELESS STILL REPRESENT AN EXTIMATED  4 % OF NEW ORLEANS’ CURRENT POPULATION

ONE OF 12,000 LIVING STILL UNDER INTERSTATE 10 IN NEW ORLEANS


PATH OF CYCLONE NARGIS: MAY 2-3, 2008


NEW HOMELESS

 
EARTHQUAKES

DECEMBER 26, 2004 BANDA ACHE EARTHQUAKE & TSUNAMI

DECEMBER 26, 2004 INDONESIA EARTHQUAKE-TSUNAMI DISASTER
  • MILLIONS DISPLACED FROM HOMES
  • BILLIONS OF DOLLARS NEEDED FOR RESPONSE, RECOVERY, AND RECONSTRUCTION
INFUSION OF  “STAPLE” AND  “HOPE” DURING RECONSTRUCTION IN THE SICHUAN PROVINCE

MAY 12, 2008: THE BEGINNING OF A GLOBAL PROCESS TO CREATE TURNING POINTS FOR EARTHQUAKE SUSTAINABILITY

"DON'T LOSE HOPE" PREMIER JAIBAO: CHENGDU

RECONSTRUCTION DEMANDS ARE HUGE

According to the State Council Information Office, about 5,461,900 houses collapsed, 5,932,500 houses were seriously damaged, and another 21 million may need repairs.


DEATHS, INJURED AND MISSING
  • The  official death toll stood at 69,197 as of Wednesday , July 9th, according to  the State Council Information Office.
  • The number of injured and missing stood at 374,176 and 18,379 respectively.

 

PORT AU PRINCE: 1.8 MILLION IN A NATION OF NINE MILLION






SOCIETAL IMPACTS
•The lives of 3 million+ Haitians were adversely impacted by the collapse of thousands of buildings and a corresponding abrupt increase in homelessness.
600,000 IN HAITI STILL HOMELESS


REALITY CHECK

Haiti still needs everything: Robust shelters and housing, Infrastructure, A port, An  airfield, …

PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE

8:50 AM OCTOBER 8, 2005

M7.6 10 KM (6 MI) DEPTH

AT LEAST 30,000 DEAD

COLLAPSED SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS

2.5 MILLION HOMELESS

 

OCTOBER 8, 2005 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE

LONG-TERM NEEDS TO BE ADDRESSED DURING RECOVERY

  • NEED: 2 TO 3 MILLION NEW DWELLINGS THAT ARE EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT.
  • NEED: NEW SCHOOLS THAT ARE EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT.
  • NEED: NEW HOSPITALS THAT ARE EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT.
  • NEED: NEW INFRASTRUCTURE THAT IS  EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT.

 

FLOODS

RIVERS BURST BANKS AND BREACH DAMS IN CENTRAL EUROPE AFTER WEEKS OF RAIN

POLAND, HUNGARY, GERMANY, CZECH REPUBLIC, …MAY – JUNE,  2010

The heaviest rains in over a decade forced thousands along rain- swollen rivers in Poland, Germany, and Hungary  to evacuate from their homes, breached dikes and sand bag dams, damaging homes, and infrastructure, and leaving thousands homeless.

 

INUNDATED VILLAGE

NORTHWEST  PAKISTAN (AND AFGHANISTAN) HIT BY CATASTROPHIC FLOODING AFTER PROLONGED  MONSOON RAINS

JULY 28-AUGUST 23, 2010

ONE-FIFTH OF PAKISTAN AFFECTED

Over 1,600 Pakistanis died (and probably many more) and more than 20,000,000 were impacted, including 3,500,000 children, as rains swelled rivers, inundated villages, and triggered landslides, causing entire villages, roads, and bridges to be swept away and other  areas isolated.